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An icon-free nation: in a sport context

November 14, 2012 Leave a comment

No one can possibly miss all those major media coverage about the sex abuse scandal in Penn State University during the past week. While the public angrily accused the disgusting crime and sympathized the eight victims, lots of the reports focused on the legendary head coach of Nittany Lions, Joe Paterno. Not long after Joe became the winningest head coach in Division I football on October 29th, this ugliest scandal on the history of college sport brought him into spotlight again, and eventually forced him to quit the job where he has devoted himself for more than half century.

Around Joe Paterno in such a complex case, too many complicated emotions from different parties grew at the same time. The shocked public was asking for the facts; the columnists were throwing their opinions on whether Joe deserves the dismissal; the agitated students in Penn State demonstrated us a night of riot which was very expectable; and there were definitely some hidden emotions within the Athletic Department and the board of trustees in Penn State. Nevertheless, one undeniable thing is the respects from all people to Joe Paterno as a sport icon. All the discussions, panic, and anger are all raised because of the possibly distaining to this icon by this vicious case. Look at those emotional students supporting Joe Paterno outside his house, you will understand how important this iconic person means to them. While college football is argubly the most nationally addicted sport, a legendary head coach could mean even larger than the game itself. He is not only one of the reasons that Penn State owns the fourth largest stadium in the world, but also one of the contributors help the school reach its current size of enrollment and level of popularity.

Seeking in my mind, I wish I could find a parallel sport icon back in my home country China. What I can think of are hundreds of heroic athletes who put the nation into the top place in Olympic Games, and some influencing idols such basketball player Yao Ming, 110m hurdles runner Liu Xiang and women tennis new power Li Na. However, it is not easy for me to come up with someone can be convincingly described as an “icon” as Joe Paterno for college football. To people who love that sport, the iconic image comes not from the position or authority owned by someone, but the leadership he/she demonstrates through the long-term committment to the game, the heavy contribution to the development of the sport, the great charisma delivered through years of communicating with the public, and of course the outstanding winning performance. Unfortunately in China, the sport environment is not that good for developing such a group of sport icons. The messed up sport governing system, the unsupportive media and the lack of the citizenship awareness are majorly responsible for this icon-free sport environment.

Grown under the national athletic system, many celebrity-level Chinese players are not as outspoken as many foreign athletes. People can judge their achievement by counting the championships they win and their sporting skills in the broadcasting, but very unlikely to feel their distinctive personality. Most of these athletes from the traditional player developement system choose to work for different sport governing body after their retirement, which in China seems like an “official placement” gives the athletes a stable social status as a reward for their performance on the field. However, as inexperienced officials without sufficient higher education, these retired athletes cannot have enough power or insight to make constructive contribution to the development of that sport. Consequently, instead of viewing them as sport icons, the knowledgeable fans often attach them with tags of “politics” or “bureaucracy”.

Hongbo Gao waved his hand to fans after his last game as the head coach of China National Football (soccer) Team. China beat Jamaica 1-0 in this game.

For retired athletes who become coaches of different levels in China, their life is no much better. Hongbo Gao is a young and devoted soccer coach in China. During his athletic life as a productive forward, he received many honors including the best scorer of the Asian Youth Tournament and the National Football A League. After coaching several teams in the A League and learning the advanced coaching philosophy in Europe, his continuous hard work paid off to make him one of the most successful coaches in China. During his two-year term of coaching in China National Team from 2009, he recorded a 24-13-5 (win-draw-loss) performance and brought China National Team from 108th (as of Jul 2009) on FIFA national team ranking to 70th (as of Oct 2011). From my perspective, Gao’s coaching ability, working ethics and his highly committed career path can very possibly make him an iconic person with millions of advocates in China. However, despite his 6-game winning streak, China Football Association (CFA) replaced him by famous Spanish coach Jose Camacho in August 2011, right before the second stage of 2014 World Cup Qualifier.

There were doubts about this decision from media and some fan groups, but nothing emotional happened like the fan riot in Penn State to retain this good coach. The main sport media was just mildly discussing this questionable decision. It was like no media coverage trying to positively direct people’s perception towards this team after the recent disclosure of huge corruption within China Football Association. The consequence was not surprising considering the Spanish cannot even understand the playing style and the players’ characteristics in such a short time: China National Team encountered three consecutive losses.

Sport reporter Leonard Koppett wrote in his book “Sports Illusion, Sports Reality”: Sports reflect social conditions; they don’t cause them. The icon-free sport world in China to some extent reflects the current situation of citizenship awareness in China. People are not giving credits to the people fully devoted themselves in a certain area such as a sport, nor helping construct a healthy community which values those potential iconic persons. Comparing with Gao’s dismissal as a lack of public voice, Joe Paterno was fired in a sad but noble atmosphere. Many American people understand Joe did not meet his moral duty to prevent the further development of the sex abuse tragedy, but at the same time they feel sorry that the legendary coach has to end his career in such a regretful way. People fulfilled the obligation of citizenship by accusing the vicious behavior affecting the well-being of the society, while recognizing Joe Paterno as a great coach for what he did for Penn State Football and the whole college sport. Though distained by the scandal, the 84-year-old Joe will still be perceived as a sport icon such as the way when people talk about Bobby Knight and Jerry Tarkarian.

On November 12th, Penn State University hosted their first game without Joe Paterno as head coach since 1966. Fans filled the beaver stadium’s 107,000 seats. They prayed for the eight kids in the sex abuse scandal before the game, called the name of every Nittany Lions’ players, and of course, used different ways to show their love and respect to Joe Paterno who was not in his beloved stadium for the game.

Penn State Fans during Nov 12th game against Nebraska

Despite it turned out to be their first loss in conference games of the season at this special moment, no post-game riot or irrational behaviors from fans were reported. All you can feel in the stadium was just those complex but noble emotions, and the invisible connections among the people wear the same dark blue color. The whole Penn State community get more united than ever to face this PR disaster, showing support for the victims in and out of the stadium, demonstrating the characteristics valued and instilled by their ex-coach, Joe Paterno. They lost the game, but did not lose the right way of idolizing their sport icon.

 Just one day before Penn State’s loss, on the opposite spot of the earth, China National Football (team) also lost the must-win away game against Iraq, and consequently the chance to enter the 2014 Brazil World Cup. Most of the fans started making jokes about another familiar loss of the National Team, while only few of the disappointed fans began thinking of Coach Gao and grumbling on the internet about the earlier dismissal. Chinese people are getting lost in this icon-free nation, which may happen not only in a sport context.
Categories: BLOG, Blog in English

幻灭与荣誉——传奇橄榄球教练乔·帕特诺的谢幕

November 20, 2011 Leave a comment

         (The edited version of this article on Joe Paterno is published on the 13th section of Chinese digital magazine: Trendsports)

        11月4日,美国大学体育界爆出惊人丑闻:宾州州立大学橄榄球队前助理教练杰瑞·桑达斯基被查出涉嫌超过40条关于性侵犯男童的指控。令人瞠目的是,这些性侵犯行为大都发生在该教练受雇于宾州州立大学期间,多次行为甚至发生在运动员的洗浴设施当中。由于此次丑闻性质极为恶劣,影响远超体育范畴,美国各大媒体开始铺天盖地报导事件进展。这些报道大都用了同一个教练的照片作为封面,然而照片上却并非是这个行为令人发指的桑达斯基,公众和媒体的视线都转向了当时宾州大橄榄球队的在任主教练,乔·帕特诺。

         乔·帕特诺何许人也?今年即将年满85岁的他自1966年起担任宾州大主教练,为这支球队奉献将近半个世纪。其间帕特诺率领球队获得两次全国总冠军,创造了五个不败赛季,在1993年宾州大加入Big Ten联盟后又三夺联盟冠军。上个月29日,帕特诺赢得了执教生涯第409胜,成为美国大学橄榄球一级联盟胜场最多的教练,在所有美国体育迷眼中,他就是一个活生生的传奇。而在宾州州立大学以及周围的社区当中,帕特诺更是一个受所有人崇敬和爱戴的精神领袖、父亲形象、学校象征。

        在美国的大学运动队中,触犯全国大学体育协会各项条例的事件屡见不鲜,但在乔·帕特诺强调的“带着荣誉获胜”的理念下,宾州大一直保持着干净良好的形象。帕特诺也致力营造学业与体育事业相结合的大学体育环境,他的手下的橄榄球队员的毕业率和学习成绩要远好于一级联盟的其他学校。而宾州大甚至以他的名字命名新扩建的图书馆,纪念他在培养学生以及向社会筹资上所作出的巨大贡献。可以说帕特诺为宾州大带来的不仅是光荣的橄榄球队历史,也不仅是场场座无虚席的十万七千人球场盛况,他提高了这所大学的知名度,为这个社群带来了强烈的自豪感与荣誉感,以及无可比拟的身份认同。

         这样一个旗帜性人物,本该在万人敬仰中功成身退。然而事与愿违,关于此次丑闻的调查表明,帕特诺曾被人告知助理教练性侵男童的行为,他仅向学校管理层作出了汇报,而没有向当地警方或防性骚扰协会报警。11月9日,宾州大校董事会决定开除帕特诺,理由是他对此事处理不当,犯下了一个“道德错误”,让学校面临极大的公关危机。虽然媒体之前就在猜测帕特诺是否会晚节不保,但此消息的发布仍犹如一颗炸弹,在宾州大及周边社区引起巨大的反响。当晚有超过1万名宾州大的学生上街游行,其间更是掀翻了一辆媒体转播车,本地警察和州立警察均出动来控制场面。参加游行的学生们代表了所有宾州球迷的一种普遍情绪,他们在情感上无法接受帕特诺被迫下课这个事实:一代传奇教练完美形象的幻灭,对于成长在宾州的他们而言是一种信仰的崩溃。于是他们谴责校董,认为帕特诺是学校拿来处理危机的替罪羊,认为媒体在拿一向清白的宾州大体育部大做文章。

         但情感归情感,大多数人还是明白这样的结果不可避免。良好的公民意识让他们理智并合理地面对丑闻带来的影响,并尽自己的一份力量让它尽快成为这个社群的过去。11月10日,宾州大的校友会决定为反性骚扰协会筹资50万美元,以用来避免类似的事件发生。两位宾州大的学生在Facebook上号召举行烛光祈祷,并筹款来支持事件的受害者及他们的家庭,11日晚,超过万名学生参加了这个活动。11月12日,排名Big Ten联盟第一的宾州大主场迎战内布拉斯加大学,这是宾州大1966年以来第一场不是由帕特诺执教的比赛。透过电视转播,我看到的是十万多名空前团结的宾州大人身着同样的深蓝色,紧搭着彼此的肩膀,一齐为事件的受害者祝福,一齐高呼球员的名字,一齐为两支球队的精彩表现叫好。所有宾州大人在传达一个共同的信息:社群的荣誉受到了影响,他们要用自己的努力去重建大学的形象,让宾州大光荣的橄榄球历史永远受人尊重。

         传奇无法完美收场虽让人唏嘘,但球迷们在用正确的方式继续崇敬他们伟大的教练:“荣誉重于体育本身”,这正是乔·帕特诺用自己半个世纪的生命给这所学校打下的烙印。将这样的理念传承下去,或许才是对于这位老人最好的崇拜。

Categories: BLOG, Blog in Chinese

An authentic Italian cuisine in a Chinese plate

August 7, 2011 Leave a comment

Thanks to my friend working in the game-operating company for the 2011 Italia Supercoppa, I became one of 70,000 lucky fans in the giant Beijing National Stadium last night witnessing this authentic european soccer game. As I mentioned in a previous article, the Milan Derby no doubt attarcted millions of the advocates of both teams, and consequently turned out to be the most successful preseason commercial soccer game hosted abroad. 

Authenticity and the rivalry are the main selling points of this game. Unlike other commercial games between big-time clubs and local teams in the destination countries during pre-season, Italia Supercoppa is the official game under the administration of the Italian Football Federation. The federation paid extreme attention to the grass situation of the Beijing National Stadium, which explains how important they perceive the game. Though other prestigious teams such as Liverpool, Arsenal and Real Madrid are also trying to explore China market this summer, they are easily dwarfed by the two Italian clubs, in terms of the media influence and the revenue from the game. AC Milan, with a heart-stirring comeback 2-1 win, is believed to receive over 10 million Euros from the game operating company, United Vansen Sports. Besides, it is rare that one of the fiercest rivalry in club soccer history can take place in a foreign country. The hostility between two of the largest soccer fan groups in China well guaranteed the high attendance rate and the tense atmosphone in the stadium.

Even so, people still doubt the game quality before the match because of  the inadequate adaptive trainings in China, and the tight schedule of attending numbers of commercial activities for both teams. Yet all these concerns ceased when two teams ran out from the aisles with strong desire for winning the trophy. The 90 minutes included so many exciting elements: Wesley Sneijder’s beautiful freekick, tackles and quarrells raised by tough midfielder Gattuso, Ibrahimovic’s outstanding performance facing his ex-employer, and a solid comeback of AC Milan with strong Sub-in of Alexandra Pato.

If we conclude the game quality reached the way it should be, then the passionate performance of Chinese fans in Birds’ Nest last night must be greatly beyond the teams’ expectation. When I arrived there two hours prior to the game, the Inter fans from all over the country have filled the north stand of the stadium while the Milan fans filled the opposite south one. The giant Inter team jersey was spread out by hundreds of die-hard fans, while they kept chanting team slogan without feeling tired. The fans’ passion had been also demonstrated off the field in the previous week, that thousands of fans of both teams followed the teams’ schedule from welcoming their beloved players in the airport. The great fandom in China also influenced the athletes. Sneijder said he want to win the trophy for the supportive fans in the pregame press conference. “Prince” Boateng used a Chinese Kung-fu move to celebrate his scoring the 3rd goal of the game, in tribute of the passionate Chinese fan creating such a great arena.

Read more…

Categories: BLOG, Blog in English